1.5.1. Seat belts
Seat belts promote decrease in probability of a heavy travmirovaniye at road accidents and emergency braking of the car. All seats are equipped with diagonal and zone seat belts. These belts are equipped with the inertial coil on which not used seat belt is involved. Inertial coils provide convenience to the driver and the passenger in usual traffic conditions. In case of car collision inertial coils block delivery of a belt and keep the driver and the passenger from dangerous movings. On back sitting diagonal and zone seat belts with inertial coils are established.
Three-dot seat belts
The car is equipped with three-dot seat belts with the mechanism of automatic winding and blocking which provide full freedom of movements, thus constantly densely pressing podpruzhinenny belts to a body. About the correct provision of a seat.
At strong acceleration or sharp braking of the car there is an instant blocking of belts.
Instructions on use of seat belts
Seat belts should lie on those parts of a body where strong bones of a skeleton settle down. The belt should pass over a pelvic bone, a thorax and a shoulder, instead of to lie on a stomach.
It is necessary to adjust a seat belt so that it most densely adjoined to a body, and convenience of landing thus remained. Only in this case the seat belt can effectively execute the protective function for the sake of which it is established on the car. The sagging seat belt considerably reduces efficiency of passive protection of the passenger.
Watch that on straps of a seat belt did not get a polyrole, oil and other chemicals, especially the electrolit used in the storage battery. For cleaning of seat belts use neutral soap and water. It is necessary to replace a seat belt if the strap is worn-out, polluted or has traces of damages.
It is necessary to replace surely a seat belt assembled if it was used by the driver or the passenger at strong collision of the car even if there are no visible signs of damage of a seat belt.
It is forbidden to use a seat belt if the strap is overwound.
Each seat belt should be used by only one passenger at the same time. It is dangerous to fasten one seat belt of the passenger and the child sitting at it on a lap.
Any changes of a design of seat belts which break normal operation of devices for an automatic choice of weakening of a strap are forbidden or complicate belt adjustment for the purpose of elimination of its sagging.
Belt retraction on the inertial coil can be complicated, if the strap and an intermediate directing bracket are polluted. Therefore watch that the strap of a belt and a directing bracket were pure.
If a seat belt will involve on the coil, it will work in a mode of emergency blocking. In this mode the seat belt does not break convenience of the passenger. In case of car collision the inertial coil blocks delivery of a seat belt which holds the passenger on a place. If completely to extend a seat belt from the coil, it will be switched in a mode of automatic blocking of a belt. If the strong tension of a belt is felt or it complicates movements of the passenger on the motionless car or during driving, the possible reason is switching of the inertial coil in a mode of automatic blocking after the belt was too strongly extended from the coil. To return the inertial coil to more convenient mode of emergency blocking, stop the car in a safe place on a horizontal platform and completely hand over a belt on the inertial coil. Thus the coil will be switched in a mode of emergency blocking of a belt. Then again extend a seat belt for necessary length to be fastened.
Stoppers of seat belts
The system of seat belts on forward seats is equipped with stoppers of seat belts. At head-on and back collisions, since a certain severity of failure, locks of seat belts are drawn down, pulling thus belts.
The worked stoppers of locks of seat belts are specified by burning signaling device.
If stoppers of seat belts worked, them it is necessary replace.
If seat belts are not damaged, they keep the functionality and at the worked stoppers of seat belts.
Signaling device of stoppers of locks of belts
Stoppers of locks of seat belts together with systems of airbags of safety are supervised by electronic system, and indication of their functioning is carried out by means of the indicator on a guard of devices. At ignition inclusion the signaling device lights up approximately on 4 villages. If it does not burn, does not die away through the 4th force lights up during movement, means, there was a malfunction in system of stoppers of locks of belts or systems of airbags of safety. Stoppers of locks of belts or airbags of safety can not work at failure.
Pristegivaniye of seat belts
Evenly extend a belt from the coil and, without overwinding, stretch it over a body.
Latch a buckle uvula in the lock.
The back of a forward seat should not be inclined too strongly back as it negatively influences overall performance of seat belts. The recommended tilt angle makes about 25 °. The zone belt should adjoin densely to a body without a perekruchivaniye. During a trip it should be tightened from time to time, extending a humeral belt.
The zone belt (especially at a pristegivaniye of pregnant women) should pass whenever possible below on hips to avoid pressure upon a stomach bottom.
The thick layer of outer clothing breaks density of a prileganiye of a belt. The belt cannot be imposed on firm or fragile subjects in clothes pockets (for example, keys, handles or points) as it can lead to traumas. Between a belt and a body there should be no subjects, for example handbags or mobile phones.
Adjustment of height of the top directing element of forward and back belts
Slightly extend a belt.
Press down the button on a movable regulator.
Move a movable regulator up or down.
Fix a movable regulator before notable click.
Do not regulate belt height during movement.
Adjust belt height so that it passed through a shoulder and densely adjoined to it. By no means the belt should not pass on a neck or the top part of a hand.
For removal of a belt press the red button on the lock, the belt will automatically be reeled up on a roller.
Three-dot seat belt of an average place of a back seat
The belt is extended from the tense device only if the back of a back seat is fixed in vertical situation in the holders.
Check of belts
All details of system of seat belts should be checked from time to time on absence of damages and working capacity. It is necessary to replace the damaged details which have been stretched at failure belts and worked stoppers of locks.
Change nothing in seat belts, their fastenings, automatic mechanisms of winding and in locks of belts.
Do not allow damage of seat belts by sharp subjects or a zazhatiya of belts.